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In 2005, the European Commission adopted the Recommendation regarding the European Charter for Researchers and a Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers. This document provides a framework for both researchers and the bodies that finance research, guaranteeing work conditions and improving career prospects, focusing on: recruitment transparency, ethical principles for research, professional development and continuing education, social security and mobility. 

Furthermore the Recommendation provides Member States, employers, funders and researchers with a valuable instrument to undertake, on a voluntary basis, further initiatives for the improvement and consolidation of researchers’ career prospects in the European Union and for the creation of an open labour market for researchers.

Indeed the European Charter for Researchers is a set of general principles and requirements which specifies the roles, responsibilities and entitlements of researchers as well as of employers and/or funders of researchers. The aim of the Charter is to ensure that the nature of the relationship between researchers and employers or funders is conducive to successful performance in generating, transferring, sharing and disseminating knowledge and technological development, and to the career development of researchers.

The Charter also recognizes the value of all forms of mobility as a means for enhancing the professional development of researchers. In this sense, the Charter constitutes a framework for researchers, employers and funders and addresses to all researchers in the European Union at all stages of their career, covering all fields of research in the public and private sectors, irrespective of the nature of the appointment or employment, the legal status of their employer or the type of organisation or establishment in which the work is carried out. It takes as its premise that researchers as well as employers and/or funders of researchers have an overriding obligation to ensure that they meet the requirements of the respective national or regional legislation.

The Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers consists of a set of general principles and requirements that should be followed by employers and/or funders when appointing or recruiting researchers. These principles and requirements should ensure observance of values such as transparency of the recruitment process and equal treatment of all applicants, in particular with regard to the development of an attractive, open and sustainable European labour market for researchers, and are complementary to those outlined in the European Charter for Researchers aiming to provide fair framework conditions to researchers, with a clear intention to contribute to the advancement of the European Research Area

The HRS4R:

The "HR Strategy for Researchers" is a mechanism to support the implementation of  the European Charter for Researchers and the Code of Conduct for the Recruitment of Researchers (C&C) by research institutions. This would help increasing their attractiveness to researchers that would identify them as a stimulating and favourable working environment.

This mechanism is articulated in five main steps, which are:

1)   an internal analysis is performed by the research institution to compare institutional practices with the C&C principles, which should involve all key players;

2)   the main results of this analysis (planned actions, when, by whom) are made public through a "Human Resources Strategy for Researchers incorporating the Charter & Code";

3)   such HRS4R is acknowledged by the European Commission;

4)   the HRS4R is implemented by the institution that through its internal quality assurance mechanism carries out every year a self-assessment;

5)   an external evaluation is carried out every 4 years.

[Ultima modifica: martedì 23 maggio 2017]