Stampa la pagina Condividi su Google Condividi su Twitter Condividi su Facebook Vol. 13 (2015)

Lucio Del Corso, Unità e particolarismo della scrittura greca su papiro: dallo spazio geografico allo spazio sociale, pp. 3-27, tavv. 6

Abstract - The paper focuses on the local peculiarities of Greek handwritings on papyri, parchments and ostraka, from the early Hellenistic age to the Imperial period. After a general introduction, some case studies are discussed: the diffusion of Ptolemaic chancery script, thedossier of the Euphrates papyri, the documents from the so called grapheion in Tebtynis. Such evidences induce to suppose that Greek scripts develop following pattern defined by ‘social spaces’, more than mere geographic areas.

Rosa Rita Marchese, Libri e reciprocità. Aspetti simbolici della circolazione libraria tra Cicerone e Tacito, pp. 29-61

Abstract - In this ‘late age of printing’, while we still feel part of a book culture, other media have taken the place of books in important respects. The change has affected not only the objects used for writing or reading or communicating, but also the frames of meaning hitherto associated with these practices. This paper sets out to discuss some types of meaning attaching to books in Latin literature from Cicero to Tacitus. Reconstructing the cultural meanings of books in literary representations from the Latin world could prove helpful by raising questions about our ability to orient ourselves in the present period of change.

Guglielmo Cavallo, A Roma antica. Per un discorso su modi e strumenti del comunicare in età augustea, pp. 63-88, tavv. 9

Abstract - The paper focuses on the complex relationships among writing, society, and political power in Augustan Rome, starting from some anecdotes told by Suetonius, which show the importance given to written communication and written memory by August himself. The analysis of literary sources is joined by a survey of relevant epigraphic evidences (public inscriptions, funerary inscriptions and graffiti, from the late Republic to the I AD) and papyri, whose function, context and graphic characteristics are carefully discussed. At the end, some general remarks on the diffusion of literacy in Augustan Rome are made, emphasizing its quanti- tative and especially qualitative growth under the Principate.

Mario Citroni, Edito e inedito, pubblico e privato:
 Marziale, Stazio e la circolazione di testi scritti in età flavia, pp. 89-123

Abstract - Testimonies from the Flavian age enable us to recognize how the circulation of literary texts by means of private channels of friendship and patronage ran alongside, and was combined with, diffusion through the book trade. The development of these two channels for the diffusion of texts in written form was accompanied, and further integrated, by oral diffusion through various kinds of recitationes. This mixed system of communicating texts must have enabled literature to reach a very differentiated public, and, at least as far as written texts are concerned, must already have been active in similar forms, even if less widespread, from the age of Cicero. Published texts by Martial and Statius sometimes show signs of having been destined, previously or at the same time, for friends and patrons, to the point of presenting as still unpublished, and provisional, a text which in reality was destined for circulation, in that same form, to the general public and to posterity. This ambiguity must not have bothered readers, in that it reflected the habitual perception of the effective ambiguity of the public and private dimensions in which the same literary text circulated.

Matthew NichollsLibraries and Networks of Influence in the Roman World, pp. 125-145, tavv. 2

Abstract - This article examines the connections afforded by public libraries in the Roman empire, as revealed in Galen’s De Indolentia (Peri Alupias PA) and an inscription from Halicarnassus. The article applies concepts borrowed from Social Network Analysis to depict the network of authors, editors, collectors, readers, writers, and libraries as revealed by Galen in the PA. This seeks to demonstrate the power that libraries offered to connect texts to groups of readers and writers, transmit them over time, and assist in their transmission over distance, suggesting a place for institutional libraries in a literary landscape often characterised as consisting in a network of privileged individuals. The article then considers an inscription from Roman Asia Minor, in which Halicarnassus’ libraries play a part in an honorific decree concerning the visit of an Aphrodisian poet to the city. It argues that the city uses its libraries on a civic stage in a manner comparable to the functions of libraries seen in the PA, connecting the poet, his works, and both cities to contemporary attention, to writers of the past, and to readers and visitors of the future.

Raquel Martín Hernández, A Coherent Division of a Magical Handbook. Using Lectional Signs in P.Lond. I 121 (PGM VII), pp. 148-164, tavv. 2

Abstract - Studies of lectional signs in papyri concentrate mainly on literary papyri, especially anthologies vel sim., and there is hardly any interest in their use in magical texts. This article is focused on the placing and use of marginal lectional signs in P.Lond. I 121 (PGM VII), a Graeco-egyptian magical handbook. The use of the signs and their placing will be analyzed in order to offer a tentative explanation of their practical use. The aim is to inquire whether a coherent use of marginal lectional signs exists in the bookroll, and if this use can provide any information about a conscious internal division of the text and, consequently, about the skills of the magician as a scribe.

Maria Boccuzzi, Le quattro dimensioni della scrittura femminile nella tarda antichità greca e romana, pp. 165-217, tavv. 2

Abstract - During Late Antiquity the relationship between women and written culture was difficult, as a consequence of a more general suspicion towards female literacy. Nevertheless, the graphic acculturation of women was not absolutely disallowed; on the contrary, female literacy was partly admitted in this period, although only for spiritual edification. Focusing both on Greek and Latin evidences – especially the literary ones –, it seems possible to detect the traces of four dimensions of female writing that reflect the various ways in which some women actively participated in written culture: they could write for communicating, composing literary works, copying texts and studying. The analysis of these four dimensions allows to investigate the different types of female ‘literacies’ in Late Antiquity; furthermore, it reveals the role played by Christian culture and social status in determining the profile of potential writers.

Oronzo Pecere, Modalità compositive e circolazione privata del libro nel tardoantico: il caso di Boezio, pp. 119-233

Abstract - Examination of some of Boethius’s prefaces, which illustrate his methods of composition, allows us to gauge the innovations introduced by this author in the traditional practice of submitting one’s writings to competent readers before publishing them. The preservation of some partial draft versions of De differentiis topicis gives us an exceptional opportunity to investigate the compositional processes of this work, and thus attempt a more detailed reconstruction of its genesis.

Carla Riviello, La dinamica di una parola: l’anglosassone hord e i suoi composti, pp. 235-270

Abstract - With their etymological meaning of ‘hidden treasure’, the Gothic huzd, Old High German hort, and Old Saxon and Old English hord are nouns often used to indicate, in addition to ‘hoard of riches, material goods’, also ‘store of goods within one’s soul’ and ‘wealth of moral riches’. Unlike the other above-mentioned Germanic languages, however, in Old English this second meaning is not always suggested by a Latin source. Particularly in poetic texts, the noun is repeatedly involved in a productive play of diversified and layered metaphorical constructions connoting an individual’s interiority. Hord can therefore refer to intimately held emotions, thoughts, and words (e.g., breosta hord, hreþerlocena hord), or form compounds indicating the container for these emotions, thoughts, and words, thus providing original, Anglo-Saxon examples of the ‘mind is a container’ metaphor (e.g,hordloca, hordcofa, modhord, wordhord). Numerous examples show the fruitful versatility with which the lexeme combines with other semantic fields. In fact, it links with both the lexicon for immaterial qualities in living beings – mind, thoughts, feelings, spirit, and vital force – and with terms that reference parts and functions of the body (e.g., lichord, sawelhord, flæschord). As the occurrences of hord and its compounds testify, in this culture born of the encounter of a Germanic people with Christian doctrine, the Latin models are present but absorbed and re-elaborated through a metaphorical representation of reality, even though Anglo-Saxons did not make sharp distinctions between the ‘real’ and the figurative.

Stefano Martinelli Tempesta, Trasmissione di testi greci esametrici nella Roma
di Niccolò V. Quattro codici di Demetrio Xantopulo e una lettera di Bessarione a Teodoro Gaza, pp. 271-350

Abstract - By means of a full examination of four manuscripts in the hand of Demetrius Xanthopulos (Ambr. D 528 inf., Ambr. D 529 inf., Vat. gr. 25 and Cantabr. CCC 81), the author throws light on the transmission of certain hexameter poems (in particular Quintus’Posthomerica) at Rome in the time of Pope Niccolò V thanks to the work of Cardinal Bessarion and Theodore Gaza. The article includes a new edition, together with a translation and full commentary, of the famous letter in which Bessarion asks for a transcript of Quintus’s poem (epist. 34 Mohler).

Lidia Buono – Eugenia Russo, Clavis Patristica Pseudoepigraphorum Medii aevi Supplementum e codicibus confectum. I, pp. 351-413, tavv. 4

[Ultima modifica: giovedì 6 giugno 2019]